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Look at Bailey Zhu. The phenomenon of Bailey will occur twice. One is that before food, the other is after the light. The phenomenon of Bailey beads is that the sun is gradually covered, leaving the last point, like a small bead. This is because the moon itself is not a particularly smooth ball with mountains, plateau, and troughs on it, so the edges are undulating, and the entire light ball cannot be covered at once. Essence This is a very beautiful scene. The two look at the color ball. In the solar eclipse stage, the very bright light ball is blocked, and the dark color ball will be seen. The color ball itself is rosy and very beautiful. It can only be seen within ten seconds before and after the food stage and the light stage. We usually have no chance to see the color ball layer, unless we use expensive devices such as Japanese mirrors. Three look at the day. Nikko is actually on the color ball, but it floats like flames. Nikko is not fixed, sometimes, sometimes not. But in general, we can see the flame -like sun when we eat. The four crowns. The corona is the atmosphere of the outside of the sun, which is a very white color. When the sun is eclipsed, the sun is like a black hole, but the circle around it is white, which is a crown. You can watch the naked eye, you don't need any special equipment. It five look at the sky and environment. During the full -day food, many stars in the sky can be seen. When you are about to eat, the sky will become darker quickly, and Venus and Mercury will appear in turn, which is very bright. At this time, the sky is not completely black, especially in the horizon. Generally speaking, it will show orange and other colors, which is very beautiful. The response of many animals during full food is also very interesting. For example, when a full -time full -eclipse occurred in Xinjiang and other places last year, the camel was lying on the ground immediately. They felt that it was dark. After two minutes, the sun came out, and the camel stood up again. "This year, some enthusiasts said, do you take a little white rat to observe and see its reactions, etc. These can be considered."
It took more than two hours to the beginning of the loss, but the most exciting whole food in the middle was only a few minutes. At that time, you can enjoy the six charming scenes such as the full -eclipse, the full -eclipse, and the crown, and the gourd skewers. The beautiful diamond ring At the beginning of the full food, there is only a narrow arc on the east edge of the sun, and it emits a diamond -like light. This is the beautiful "diamond ring". Ird -to -eye Belic beads "Diamond Ring" appeared, followed by a string of glowing highlights, like a string of dazzling "pearls", hanging in the black paint sky, it seems to be like The eye -catching shining on the diamond ring is Bailey Zhu, and this scene usually only appears only one or two seconds. It can be unforgettable that you can capture the beautiful Bailey beads.
Crown The crown is the atmosphere of the solar layer, which can only be seen when the full -eclipse is eaten. The daily crowns, size, and structures seen every day of full -eclipse are different. Mercury Mars joined the stage At this time, not far from the east side of the stealth day is Mercury who is rare to show up; in the west of the black disc, there are Guanghua four -shot Venus and red Mars. Essence The full -food gourd skewers In use telescope or telephoto lens to enlarge the sun image, take one every time, record the entire full -eclipse process, form a full -eclipse gourd skewers, and can take a full -eclipse photo once It will be a precious memorial in this life. Overlooking the plasticity fantasy In a few minutes when the sun is completely blocked, you can directly watch the charming scenery of the whole food with the naked eye. Sometimes you can also watch the north and north flat lines that are like orange -red in the sun, and put a faint layer of dreamy colors for the ground scenery. This full -eclipse presents three major features Stime long The days of eclipse around the world, this day eclipse is from July 11, 1991 to 2132, AD During the 141st year on June 13, the longest daily food daily food last time. The area of the area The whole food is 3,000 kilometers long, the narrowest part of the north and south width is 226 kilometers, and the widest point is 251 kilometers. The solar eclipse first entered the south of Tibet and northwestern Yunnan from the west of the Boman State, then swept to Sichuan and Chongqing, and then entered Hubei and Anhui; it was swept to Jiangsu and Shanghai east, and finally entered the east of Hai from the Zhoushan Islands in Zhejiang. The population involved in the population This time the full -eclipse of the full -eclipses sweeps the area of the regional population. It is unprecedented in my country. It is 400 million, which is a veritable "2009 Yangtze River Food".
Rich daily eclipse, which is also a astronomical phenomenon that occurs only between the moon and the earth and the earth. At this time, for some areas on the earth, the moon is located in front of the sun, so the part or all light from the sun is blocked, so it seems that it is part of the sun or all of them disappear. The day eclipse is only in Shuo, that is, the state of the moon and the sun occurs. In ancient times, humans lacked astronomy knowledge, thinking that the solar eclipse was due to the daytime dog food day, or symbolizing the advent of disasters, and a ceremony was held during the eclipse. But in modern society, the meaning of the layer of solar eclipse has gradually been abandoned. The "season" of daily and lunar eclipse. The day eclipse must occur in Shuo, that is, on the day of the lunar calendar. At this time, the moon is located between the earth and the sun, but because the sun orbit (zodiac) and the moon track (White Road) become 5 ° 9, so it is not every time the sun is eclipse, and the sun and the moon occur every time. All must be near the "yellow and white intersection point" (upgrade point or downgrade point). The occasion of lunar eclipse must be crescents and full moon appear within a certain boundary between the yellow and white intersection. This boundary is called "food limit". The calculation shows that for the solar eclipse, if the crescent is around 18 degrees near the intersection of the zodiac and the white road, the solar eclipse may occur; if the crescent is within the range of about 16 degrees near the intersection of the zodiac and the white road, then There must be solar eclipse. For lunar eclipse, if you look at the range of about 12 degrees near the intersection of the zodiac and the white road, you may have a lunar eclipse; if you look at the range of about 10 degrees near the intersection of the zodiac and the white road, you must Moon eclipse occurs. Thiro's astronomical observation value is huge. There are many major astronomy and physics discovery in the history of science that use the opportunity of daily full -eclipse, and only through this opportunity. The most famous example is a daily food in 1919, confirming the correctness of Einstein's general theory of relativity. Einstein published in 1915 that it seemed extremely unknown and unbelievable at the time. This theoretical prediction of light will turn in a huge gravitational field. The strongest gravitational field that humans can come into contact with is the sun, but the sun itself has a strong light. The weak starlight in the distance turns around the sun, and it cannot be seen at all. However, if the full -eclipse occurs, the sun is blocked, and the light can be measured. Opportunities appeared in 1919, but the whole food belt on the South Atlantic is far away and difficult. British astronomer Eddon set off with a strong observation team with enthusiasm and curiosity. The results of the observation are very consistent with the results of Einstein's advance calculation, and the theory of relativity has been recognized by the world since then. In China, the full -time full -eclipse can only be seen in remote areas the previous two times. Once in 1980, only the Ruili area of the China -Myanmar border was visible. At that time, the author just went to junior high school that it was an enthusiastic young astronomical enthusiast. Unfortunately, he had no financial ability and could only be addicted to the "Astronomical Lovers" magazine. The other time was visible at the Sino -Russian border and the northernmost tip of China after the Spring Festival in 1997. At that time, the author was interviewed by the newspaper's life, but at the same time, but also his dream when he was a teenager. The scale of the observation was large, and it was beyond imagination that astronomers and astronomical enthusiasts from all over the world squeezed a small northern Xinjiang town than the New Year. Because the number of people was greatly exceeded the reception capacity of the town, people only only people only have the ability to receive the town. Nengbu camping on train and car. At that time, it was still winter. The temperature during the day was about minus 25 degrees Celsius, and it could be below minus 40 degrees Celsius at night. Nonetheless, no regrets, no excitement, who are not excited, and see the whole day of the daily food as a rare and precious memory in life. Astronomical phenomenon such as day -to -day food, to say that it is really not directly related to people's daily life, eating and drinking. However, it represents an ultimate humanistic care, a kind of extreme love for nature, and a eternal curiosity and awe of the natural iron law that dominates everything. These cares, these loves, these curiosity and these awe. This time, full -food has brought rare opportunities for scientific research, scientific popularization, and observation and observation. At the same time, due to the decreased visibility during the full -food period, decreased temperature, and rising humidity, it will have a certain impact on transportation, production operations, communication safety, social security, etc., and may also have superstitious guessing and psychological panic among some people. In order to properly do a good job of responding, for this reason, the Chinese State Council also notified the scientific and technological departments and science and technology departments at all levels and science and technology departments at all levels. Various channels such as newspapers have extensively carried out science popularization activities of astronomical knowledge, scientifically explained the full -eclipse phenomenon, and publicized and popularized related prevention knowledge. The propaganda work must go deep into remote areas such as rural areas, mountainous areas, and forest areas to eliminate the superstition and fear of some people. At the same time, we must pay attention to the propaganda and education of scientific observation methods and methods to avoid visual damage to observers. The two years ago, Professor Jebarjov, Chairman of the Food Group of the International Astronomy Federation, announced that on July 22, 2009, in China, the longest time that humans can observe since the 21st century can be observed in China. Restaurant. The full -food belt on July 22 swept the entire Chinese Yangtze River Delta urban group with a dense population in China, so it attracted the attention of the world. This time, the full -time full -scale full -scale full -scale full -time food has been covered by history, and the population in the whole food belt is estimated to reach 300 million. In our country, one out of 4 people on average without long -distance trek, they can witness the full food at their own door, and the other three people also have the opportunity to see the daily partial eclipse of different degrees. The duration of full -food this time can reach 6 minutes and 39 seconds, which can last 5 minutes and 55 seconds in my country. It can be described as an astronomical feast that can be called "the richest, most generous, and most civilian" in the 2009 International Astronomical Year.
Restaurant is also an astronomical phenomenon that occurs only when the moon is running between the sun and the earth. At this time, for some areas on the earth, the moon is located in front of the earth, so the part or all light from the sun is blocked, so it seems that it is part of the sun or all of them disappear. The day eclipse is only in Shuo, that is, the state of the moon and the sun occurs. The solar eclipse is a very rare phenomenon. It is rare in the four -day eclipse. It is full -daily food, because only when projection on the earth on the earth on the earth, the people in the area can observe the solar eclipse. A full -day food is a very magnificent natural scene, so it often attracts many tourists to go overseas to watch the full food of the whole food. For example, the daily food that occurred in Europe in 1999 attracted a lot of tourists to watch it. There were also travel agencies to launch a trip specifically for these tourists. In ancient times, humans lacked astronomy knowledge, thinking that the solar eclipse was due to the daytime dog food day, or symbolizing the advent of disasters, and a ceremony was held during the eclipse. But in modern society, the meaning of the layer of solar eclipse has gradually been abandoned. The daily food that happened in China occurred on July 22, 2009, and the next time it will occur in northern my country on September 2, 2035, with a length of 1 minute and 29 seconds. The world -kit will appear next to the next day on July 11, 2010 at the "season" of of the Easter Island of Chile. The day eclipse must occur in Shuo, that is, on the day of the lunar calendar. At this time, the moon is located between the earth and the sun, but because the sun orbit (zodiac) and the moon track (White Road) become 5 ° 9, so it is not every time the sun is eclipse, and the sun and the moon occur every time. All must be near the "yellow and white intersection point" (upgrade point or downgrade point). The occasion of lunar eclipse must be crescents and full moon appear within a certain boundary between the yellow and white intersection. This boundary is called "food limit". The calculation shows that for the solar eclipse, if the crescent is around 18 degrees near the intersection of the zodiac and the white road, the solar eclipse may occur; if the crescent is within the range of about 16 degrees near the intersection of the zodiac and the white road, then There must be solar eclipse. For lunar eclipse, if you look at the range of about 12 degrees near the intersection of the zodiac and the white road, you may have a lunar eclipse; if you look at the range of about 10 degrees near the intersection of the zodiac and the white road, you must Moon eclipse occurs. It because there are two intersection points of the zodiac and Baidao, the two intersection points are 180 degrees apart, so there may be solar eclipse and lunar eclipse in two years. They each other for half a year. The sun moves east to the east to the east of the zodiac. Due to the range of about 18 degrees of eclipse, the sun runs from 18 degrees west to the west of the zodiac to the east of the zodiac and Baidao. It takes about 36 days, that is to say, each eclipse season is 36 days. For lunar eclipse, its food limit is about 12 degrees, so each meal season of the monthly food is only 24 days
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